# Category Archives: Number Theory

## A viewpoint on Katai’s orthogonality criterion

The Liouville function, defined as the completely multiplicative function which sends every prime to , encodes several important properties of the primes. For instance, the statement that is equivalent to the prime number theorem, while the improved (and essentially best … Continue reading

## Erdős Sumset conjecture

Hindman’s finite sums theorem is one of the most famous and useful theorems in Ramsey theory. It states that for any finite partition of the natural numbers, one of the cells of this partition contains an IP-set, i.e., there exists … Continue reading

## Alternative proofs of two classical lemmas

Two of the most fundamental tools in ergodic Ramsey theory are the mean ergodic theorem and the van der Corput trick. Both have a classical and fairly simple proof, which I have presented before in the blog. Recently I came … Continue reading

## Weighted densities with multiplicative structure

The upper density of a set , defined by provides a useful way to measure subsets of . For instance, whenever , contains arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions, this is Szemerédi’s theorem. A fundamental property of the upper density is that … Continue reading

## Description of my work using few words

There is a famous xkcd describing a space ship using only the one thousand most used words. Since then some people have tried to describe their work using only those thousand words, and even a quite useful text editor was built. I … Continue reading

## Primes of the form x^2+2y^2

In this post I will present a quite nice proof of the following fact from elementary number theory: Theorem 1 Let be a prime number. There are such that if and only if is a quadratic residue . Recall that … Continue reading

## Applications of the coloring trick

— 1. Introduction — In a previous post I used a coloring trick of Bergelson to deduce Brauer’s theorem from Szemeredi’s theorem. In this post I will provide two more applications of the coloring trick. To put it simply, the … Continue reading